Justin Martyr

Justin Martyr
(c. 100-c. 165 ce)
   A Christian philosopher, theologian and the most notable of the second-century apologists, Justin, a convert from paganism, came to view Christianity as a more perfect philosophy. His First and Second Apology develop the concept of a logos spermatikos (seminal word) embedded in pagan philosophy that is fulfilled in Christ, who is the Logos of the Father. While defending Christianity as the fulfilment of pagan truth, Justin also defended it against charges of atheism and immorality, and pleaded that Christians be treated with justice. Justin's third extant writing, Dialogue with Trypho, is a fascinating defence of Christian belief to an educated Jew. Here too Justin appeals to the Logos doctrine to defend Christ as the fulfilment of Old Testament revelation. Justin's apologetic approach stands at the head of a tradition coming down to modern exponents such as Paul Tillich that seeks points of contact with non-Christian worldviews. Further, his Logos Christology represents the nascent steps toward a Trinitarian theology that moves beyond the bare confession of scripture. Justin was martyred in Rome.
   Further reading: Barnard 1967; Justin Martyr 1861, 1876-81 and 2003

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

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  • Justin Martyr — Infobox Saint name=Saint Justin Martyr birth date=c. 100 death date=165 feast day=1 June (Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church 14 April (Roman Calendar, 1882 1969) venerated in=Roman Catholic Church Anglican Communion Eastern Orthodox… …   Wikipedia

  • Justin Martyr — (c. 100–c. 165)    Saint, Martyr and Theologian.    Justin was born into a pagan family in Nablus, Samaria, and was converted to Christianity in 132, having studied the pagan philosophies. He taught first in Ephesus and then in Rome. Finally he… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Justin Martyr, Saint — • Lengthy article on the life and teachings of the apologist Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Justin Martyr — /ˈdʒʌstən matə/ (say justuhn mahtuh) noun Saint, c.100–c.165, Christian saint, philosopher and martyr, born in Syria …  

  • Justin Martyr, Saint — born с 100, Flavia Neapolis, Palestine died с 165, Rome; feast day June 1 Early Christian Apologist and theologian. A pagan born in Palestine, he studied philosophy before becoming a Christian in 132, probably at Ephesus. He then spent years as… …   Universalium

  • Justin Martyr — /jus tin mahr teuhr/ Saint, A.D. c100 163?, early church historian and philosopher. * * * …   Universalium

  • JUSTIN MARTYR — (100 165)    CHRISTIAN CONVERT from PAGANISM who was the first Christian thinker to attempt to reconcile FAITH and REASON. He taught that the truths of pagan PHILOSOPHY find their fullest expression in CHRISTIANITY. His Apologies and Dialogues… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

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